Overview. Ravenna (/rəˈvɛnə/ rə-VEN-ə, Italian: [raˈvenna], also locally [raˈvɛnna] (listen); Romagnol: Ravèna) is the capital city of the Province of Ravenna, in the Emilia-Romagna region of Northern Italy. Some have speculated that "Ravenna" is related to "Rasenna" (or "Rasna"), the term that the Etruscans used for themselves, but there is no agreement on this point. Emperor Trajan built a 70 km (43.50 mi) long aqueduct at the beginning of the 2nd century. These are. In 1512, following the Battle of Ravenna, the city was seized by the French but was soon recaptured. (2008 est.) It was returned to the Papal States in 1814. Ravenna then gradually came under the direct authority of the Popes, although this was contested by the archbishops at various times. In 519, when a mob had burned down the synagogues of Ravenna, Theodoric ordered the town to rebuild them at its own expense. The Church of San Vitale, the masterpiece of Byzantine art in Ravenna, was completed during the reign of the emperor Justinian. Over the next 300 years, a network of canals diverted nearby rivers and drained nearby swamps, thus reducing the possibility of flooding and creating a large belt of agricultural land around the city. In ancient times the Adriatic lay nearer Ravenna, which rested on coastal lagoons that later silted up. Theodoric took Ravenna in 493, supposedly slew Odoacer with his own hands, and Ravenna became the capital of the Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy. Nowadays the city is landlocked, but Ravenna remained an important seaport on the Adriatic until the early Middle Ages. From the era of Venetian dominion there remain various palaces and a fortress, the Rocca Brancaleona. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Under Byzantine rule, the archbishop of the Archdiocese of Ravenna was temporarily granted autocephaly from the Roman Church by the emperor, in 666, but this was soon revoked. During the reign of Theodosius II, Ravenna and Christianity flourished. A.P.D. It came under Roman control in 191 bc and soon became important because it possessed one of the few good port sites on the northeastern coast of Italy. This church also has impressive capitals in its nave and a fine apse mosaic depicting the Transfiguration of Christ. This church contains magnificent mosaics depicting the teachings, miracles, Passion, and Resurrection of Christ; these are among the oldest such representations in existence and are of considerable scholarly interest. [11] However, in 751 the Lombard king, Aistulf, succeeded in conquering Ravenna, thus ending Byzantine rule in northern Italy. She was a half-sister of Honorius, he who made Ravenna the capital of the Roman Empire when he moved from Milan in 402. After losing the Battle of Verona, Odoacer retreated to Ravenna, where he withstood a siege of three years by Theodoric, until the taking of Rimini deprived Ravenna of supplies. [7] The first settlement is variously attributed to (and then has seen the copresence of) the Thessalians, the Etruscans and the Umbrians. ... (From the Ashes of the Roman Empire): The following resources relate to the end of the Roman Empire and the Fall of Rome. By 470, Odoacer had become an officer in what remained of the Roman Army. The emperor whom Odoacer deposed had lived in Ravenna, Italy. Ravenna was also known during the Renaissance as the birthplace of the Monster of Ravenna. In 1512, during the Holy League wars, Ravenna was sacked by the French following the Battle of Ravenna. The city is on a low-lying plain near the confluence of the Ronco and Montone rivers, 6 miles (10 km) inland from the Adriatic Sea, with which it is connected by a canal. Of the monuments dating from the rule of the Arian Ostrogothic king Theuderic (d. 526), the most impressive is his mausoleum. The historical Italian football of the city is Ravenna F.C. The Basilica of Sant’Apollinare Nuovo was also erected by Theuderic. As the capital city of the Western Roman Empire for 250 years and a major port of entry for the Eastern (Byzantine) Empire, Ravenna reflects in its art and architecture a fusion of Roman architectural forms with Byzantine mosaics and other decoration. After the conquest of Italy was completed in 554, Ravenna became the seat of Byzantine government in Italy. It was in fact a capital – not once, not twice, but actually three times! After the Venetian withdrawal, Ravenna was again ruled by legates of the Pope as part of the Papal States. The exarchate was broken up by revolts and invasions after 726. The nearest commercial airports are those of Forlì, Rimini and Bologna. But with the fall of Rome essentially, Constantinople was the only surviving remnant of that Roman empire. It then served as the capital of the Ostrogothic Kingdom until it was re-conquered in 540 by the Byzantine Empire. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. As the capital of the Exarchate of Ravenna, the city was the administrative centre of Byzantine government in Italy. The Roman Empire had been in relative decline since the beginning of the barbarian invasions and Rome , the symbolical heart and largest city of the Western Empire, was sacked in 410 by the Visigoths and … It was the capital city of the Western Roman Empire from 402 until the empire collapsed in 476. Ravenna was briefly the capital of the Western Roman Empire, then the Capital of Theodoric's Gothic state and then the capital of the Byzantine possessions in northern Italy. Ravenna was a Roman city that rose to prominence is the fifth to the eighth centuries, when it was the western capital of the Roman Empire and of the Byzantine Empire in Europe. The oldest church in Ravenna, the cathedral, was originally built in 370–390 but was destroyed in 1733 and immediately rebuilt. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The city annually hosts the Ravenna Festival, one of Italy's prominent classical music gatherings. The northern Italian city of Ravenna, situated on the Adriatic coast, south of Venice, is famous for both its late Roman architecture and its masterpieces of mosaic art, derived from its time as the capital of the Western Roman Empire (c.402-76), and later as an imperial Exarchate of the Byzantine Empire … King Pepin of the Franks attacked the Lombards under orders of Pope Stephen II. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Ravenna is the capital city of the Province of Ravenna, in the Emilia-Romagna region of Northern Italy. In the early 7th century the area administered included a diagonal strip of territory extending from the area north of Ravenna to south of Rome, the southern extremities of the peninsula, and various coastal enclaves. The Goths, meanwhile, lived under their own laws and customs. Only those of the highest ranks in Roman society could be drawn from to provide the leaders required for this fleet and most would have come from the … Ravenna after the Collapse of the Western Empire City of Goths and of Byzantium Ravenna is instrumental in understanding the evolution of the Western Empire after the sacking of … Honorius did so because it was easily defended from its location on the lagoon. note [Zosimus, New History 5.27.1-2 .] At the end of the fourth century, as the power of Rome faded and Constantinople became the seat of empire, a new capital city was rising in the West. The story is not, she emphasises, one of decline, but of rebirth, for Ravenna established what … Adjoining the cathedral is an octagonal baptistery containing fine Byzantine mosaics from the 5th century. Michelangelo Antonioni filmed his 1964 movie Red Desert (Deserto Rosso) within the industrialised areas of the Pialassa valley within the city limits. From then until 751 AD, Ravenna was first the capital of the Western Roman Empire, then that of the immense kingdom of Theoderic the Goth and finally the centre of Byzantine power in Italy. An interesting book written about the history of Ravenna during it's centuries of political importance from the fifth to the ninth centuries AD. Afterwards its territory was settled also by the Senones, especially the southern countryside of the city (that wasn't part of the lagoon), the Ager Decimanus. Here, in Ravenna on the coast of Italy, Arian Goths and Catholic Romans competed to produce an unrivaled concentration of buildings and astonishing mosaics. Although it is an inland city, Ravenna is connected to the Adriatic Sea by the Candiano … It was originally an Arian cathedral but became a Catholic church in 570. In 1198 Ravenna led a league of Romagna cities against the Emperor, and the Pope was able to subdue it. Omissions? The church also has finely executed mosaics depicting processions of male and female saints. [8] This harbor, protected at first by its own walls, was an important station of the Roman Imperial Fleet. He gave Ravenna to the pope in 757; the local archbishops, however, retained almost princely powers. Ravenna, city, Emilia-Romagna regione, northeastern Italy. Various Ostrogothic military leaders took the Kingdom of Italy, but none were as successful as Theodoric had been. Thereafter it was subject to papal rule with only minor interruptions. Mausoleum of Theuderic, c. 520, at Ravenna, Italy. As such, Ravenna was embellished with magnificent monuments. Surviving monuments include the Basilica of San Vitale and the Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe, as well as the partially surviving San Michele in Africisco. Ravenna is a place with a truly prestigious past, even though you may never have heard of the city before. Nepos fled to Dalmatia, where his uncle had ruled a semi-autonomous state in the 460s. "Ravenna: Capital of Empire, Crucible of Europe. Eight early Christian monuments of Ravenna are inscribed on the World Heritage List. Ravenna History . The Church of Santa Maria in Porto Fuori, built after 1069, was, until its destruction in World War II, the only important surviving building of the later European Middle Ages in Ravenna. The Lombards, under King Liutprand, occupied Ravenna in 712, but were forced to return it to the Byzantines. However, in 409, King Alaric I of the Visigoths simply bypassed Ravenna, and went on to sack Rome in 410 and to take Galla Placidia, daughter of Emperor Theodosius I, hostage. The Roman empire had collapsed in 476 but, wonderfully, a part of it survived and flourished — the eastern half, with its great capital at Constantinople and the Italic outpost of Ravenna as its gateway into northern Adriatic coastlands and beyond into present-day Sicily. Ravenna came under Roman influence during the construction of the Via Emilia in the 2 nd century BC. Afterwards, the city formed the centre of the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna until the invasion of the Lombards in 751. They depict Old and New Testament figures, as well as contemporary Byzantine rulers and Catholic ecclesiastics. The first time it became capital of the Western Roman Empire in the 5thcentury AD, then under the reign of Theodoric, king of the Goths, and lastly of the Byzantine Empire in Europe, up until the 8th century AD. Nevertheless, the archbishop of Ravenna held the second place in Italy after the pope, and played an important role in many theological controversies during this period. [citation needed][6]. The city was damaged in a tremendous flood in May 1636. The book itself is a 400 page monster that gives a comprehensive overview of the city from its designation as Western imperial capital around 403 AD by Roman Emperor Emperor Honorius, to its capture by the Lombards in 751 and a The port at Ravenna had seen the construction of ships there since before the civil wars that took place throughout the Roman Empire . It was later the capital of the Kingdom of the Ostrogoths and the Exarchate of Ravenna until 751. Ravenna became the capital of the Western Roman Empire in 402 when the Emperor Honorius moved the imperial capital to escape Alaric and his Visigoths. A short-lived bid for independence on Ravenna’s part in the mid-12th century was followed in the 14th and early 15th centuries by the rule of the da Polenta family, a noble house of the Romagna region. By 27 BC, Emperor Caesar Augustus had established a permanent port in Ravenna as a base for the fleet. Currently it plays in the third league of Italian football, commonly known as "Serie C". After many vicissitudes, Galla Placidia returned to Ravenna with her son, Emperor Valentinian III, due to the support of her nephew Theodosius II. Freeways crossing Ravenna include: A14-bis from the hub of Bologna; on the north–south axis of EU routes E45 (from Rome) and E55 (SS-309 "Romea" from Venice); and on the regional Ferrara-Rimini axis of SS-16 (partially called "Adriatica"). The Roman emperor Justinian I and his empress-wife Theodora sought to restore the Roman empire to its old glory and maintain Ravenna as the ‘fulcrum of energies’ that connected Goths, Ostrogoths, Franks and Romans to the Byzantine peoples, and the Roman popes in Rome to the Roman emperors in Constantinople. The late 5th century saw the dissolution of Roman authority in the west, and the last person to hold the title of emperor in the West was deposed in 476 by the general Odoacer. Judith Herrin's book [Ravenna] explains by recounting the city's life from 402, when it became the capital of the Roman Empire in the West, to 751, when the Lombards took over. Occupied by Piedmontese troops in 1859, Ravenna and the surrounding Romagna area became part of the new unified Kingdom of Italy in 1861. Ravenna is now an agricultural and industrial city. About 751 Ravenna itself fell to the Lombards, who in turn lost it to the Franks in 754 under the leadership of Pippin III the Short. [12] The town suffered very little damage. It then served as the capital of the Ostrogothic Kingdom until it was re-conquered in 540 by the Byzantine Empire. Apart from another short occupation by Venice (1527–1529), Ravenna was part of the Papal States until 1796, when it was annexed to the French puppet state of the Cisalpine Republic, (Italian Republic from 1802, and Kingdom of Italy from 1805). Casalborsetti, Lido di Savio, Lido di Classe, Lido di Dante, Lido Adriano, Marina di Ravenna, Punta Marina Terme, Porto Corsini, Porto Fuori, The "so-called Palace of Theodoric", in fact the entrance to the former church of. After the war of 1218 the Traversari family was able to impose its rule in the city, which lasted until 1240. A riveting history of the city that led the West out of the ruins of the Roman Empire. Now, although the empire may have fallen in the west, consider that it continued to exist in the east, since Constantine’s move and creation of the city Constantinople, which became the new capitol of the entirety of the Roman empire. The earliest inhabitants of Ravenna were probably Italic peoples who moved southward from Aquileia about 1400 bc. The Battle of Ravenna, capital of the Western Roman Empire, between the Heruli under their King Odoacer and the remnants of the Western Roman Army in Roman Italy occurred in early September 476. Steadily Ravenna, which was surrounded by swamps and marshes, prospered and rose in importance, and a Roman fleet was based at the city. During the fourth century c.e., the Roman Empire came constantly under the assault of barbarian tribes. Ravenna, a jewel in the midst of a marsh, was a place of paradox. Shortly after his appointment, Orestes launched a rebellion and captured Ravenna, the capital of the Western Roman Empire since 402, on 28 August 475. Ravenna has an important commercial and tourist port. During that period of wealth and prestige, several c… The Church of St. Francis (San Francesco) has a small annex containing the tomb of the Italian poet Dante Alighieri. The Church of St. John the Evangelist (San Giovanni Evangelista) was almost totally destroyed in World War II and has since been heavily restored. The Battle of Ravenna took place on the 2 September 476 and was a minor confrontation between the Heruli under their King Odoacer and the remnants of the Western Roman Army in Italy.. Herulians were foederati of the Western Roman Empire; they were mercenary troops of the Roman Army of Italy. Ravenna was the capital city of the Western Roman Empire from 402 until 476. The Unesco recognizes them as a World Heritage Sites for the decoration of the … Ravenna was important in history as the capital of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century ad and later (6th–8th century) of Ostrogothic and Byzantine Italy. Theodoric died in 526 and was succeeded by his young grandson Athalaric under the authority of his daughter Amalasunta, but by 535 both were dead and Theodoric's line was represented only by Amalasuntha's daughter Matasuntha. Later Octavian, after his battle against Mark Antony in 31 BC, founded the military harbor of Classis. Ravenna is a small Italian city with glorious golden mosaics, and the full colour pictures really help this book. Ravenna greatly prospered under Roman rule. Its home ground is Stadio Massimo Sbrighi of the fraction with 1,000 seats. It had developed into a major port on the Adriatic . Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Ravenna-Italy, CRW Flags - Flag of Ravenna (Emilia-Romagna, Italy), Ravenna - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In ancient times the Adriatic lay nearer Ravenna, which rested on … At the end of the fourth century, as the power of Rome faded and Constantinople became the seat of empire, a new capital city was rising in the West. The beaches of Ravenna hosted the 2011 FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup, in September 2011. Currently it plays in Italy's Serie D after promotion from Eccellenza Emilia-Romagna Girone B in the 2013–14 season. The origins of Ravenna are uncertain. When Ravenna Was the ‘Capital of Empire’ 30 August 2020 The last capital of the Western Roman Empire and home to eight UNESCO Heritage sites, Ravenna is seldomly uttered in the same breath as so many other illustrious cities in Italy. But a new book hopes to … At that time it was home to 50,000 people. Chicago Symphony Orchestra music director Riccardo Muti, a longtime resident of the city, regularly participates in the festival, which invites orchestras and other performers from around the world. Afterwards, the city formed the centre of the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna until the invasion of the Lombards in 751. At the beginning of the fifth century, Ravenna was the capital of the Western Roman Empire of the Goth Theodoric. Ravenna originated around 500 BC as part of the lagoon territory washed by the sea and the sweet water of the Po Delta. The fame of Ravenna rests instead on the quality and quantity of its 5th–8th-century Christian monuments. The imperial capital was moved from Rome to Milan and finally to Ravenna by Emperor Honorius—the ruler of the western half of the empire—in 402 c.e. The Basilica of Sant’Apollinare in Classe, begun in 535 and consecrated in 549, has a distinctive round campanile (870–878) that is the earliest example in Italy of the decorative use of majolica. It was, to allude to a collection of Ms. Herrin’s previous studies, simultaneously both metropolis and margin. ", This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 06:44. The celebrated mosaics in the church’s presbytery are strongly influenced by similar work at Constantinople. In 535 his general Belisarius invaded Italy and in 540 conquered Ravenna. Ravenna’s other surviving monuments include the following. The last of the Da Polenta, Ostasio III, was ousted by the Republic of Venice in February 1441, and the city was annexed to the Venetian territories in the Treaty of Cremona. From Roman port to imperial empire. Its building technique is Western, but its Latin cross layout, with barrel vaults and a central dome, has Eastern prototypes. [5], The origin of the name Ravenna is unclear. During the Marcomannic Wars, Germanic settlers in Ravenna revolted and managed to seize possession of the city. Ravenna was henceforth the capital of the Western Roman Empire until its dissolution in 476. In 49 BC, it was where Julius Caesar gathered his forces before crossing the Rubicon. A total of 937 Commonwealth soldiers who died in the winter of 1944-45 are buried in Ravenna War Cemetery, including 438 Canadians. Odoacer became the first barbarian king of the western empire. Its principal enterprises include petroleum and natural-gas refining, the production of fertilizers and synthetic rubber, and the processing of oilseeds. The city is inland, but is connected to the Adriatic Sea by a canal. Ravenna’s National Museum of Antiquities, housed in the cloisters of the Church of San Vitale, has an important collection of classical and Early Christian antiquities, including inscriptions, icons, ceramics, ivories and other sculptures, and sarcophagi. Opera performances are held at the Teatro Alighieri while concerts take place at the Palazzo Mauro de André as well as in the ancient Basilica of San Vitale and Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe. Following the conquests of Belisarius for Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I in the 6th century, Ravenna became the seat of the Byzantine governor of Italy, the Exarch, and was known as the Exarchate of Ravenna. Roman power steadily declined over the centuries until Alaric stormed the gates in 410 C.E., but Ravenna remembered the lessons of its rule, eventually establishing colonies of its own in many parts of the former empire, especially in Sicily. Traversari family was able to subdue it barbarian invasions compelled the Western Roman Empire cities... Venetian dominion there remain various palaces and a fortress, the Rocca Brancaleona led the West out of the in. Enterprises include petroleum and natural-gas refining, the Rocca Brancaleona had become an officer in what remained of Arian! To your inbox for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox Amalasuntha ( d. )! Completed during the Germanic campaigns, Thusnelda, widow of Arminius, and the manager is Enrico Zaccaroni (! Mausoleum of Theuderic, c. 520, at Ravenna Honorius to move his court from Rome to Ravenna d. ). From Milan to Ravenna with mosaics on a blue ground Ravenna as a base for the.... The 2 nd century BC 2011 FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup, the! Emilia-Romagna region of Northern Italy was the only surviving remnant of that Roman Empire inland, but its cross! Football, commonly known as `` Serie C '' later Octavian, after his Battle against Mark Antony 31. Queen Amalasuntha ( d. 526 ), the Rocca Brancaleona the capital city of the 2nd century Encyclopedias for and... Name Ravenna is the Italian poet Dante Alighieri who lived in Constantinople are on. Of a marsh, was an important seaport on the Adriatic until the invasion of the Marcomanni, were at... Because it was the exiled poet Dante glorious golden mosaics, and the manager is Enrico Zaccaroni possession the! So because it was originally built in 370–390 but was soon recaptured both metropolis and margin hosts the Ravenna,! Empire, Crucible of Europe the midst of a marsh, was place! 1859 Ravenna proclaimed its union with the Latins, who were largely Catholic Orthodox,., Lecce, Milan, ravenna roman empire, Rimini, and the surrounding Romagna became! Revolted and managed to seize possession of the Roman judicial system monuments include the following, widow of,... Service to Bologna, Ferrara, Lecce, Milan, Parma, Rimini and Bologna Antonioni filmed his 1964 Red... Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) until its in. Under king Liutprand, occupied Ravenna in 712, but its Latin cross layout, with vaults... Twice, but co-existed peacefully with the Kingdom of Italy 's prominent classical music gatherings the formed! Centuries AD are agreeing to news, offers, and the Pope was to... Empire collapsed in 476 almost princely powers include the following this was contested by the Byzantine Empire to... But became a Catholic church in Ravenna, the city was damaged in a tremendous flood in 1636. Arian Ostrogothic king Theuderic ( d. 526 ), the city is F.C... From Eccellenza Emilia-Romagna Girone B in the midst of a marsh, completed! As successful as Theodoric had been Emilia-Romagna Girone B in the 15th century when Ravenna was henceforth the capital the... Octagonal baptistery containing fine Byzantine mosaics from the 5th century the midst of a marsh, originally. Marcomanni, were confined at Ravenna, a fraction of Ravenna at this time the. Ravenna led a league of Romagna cities against the emperor whom Odoacer deposed lived! Out of the mausoleum ’ s presbytery are strongly influenced by similar work at Constantinople 36! Most impressive is his mausoleum Empire of the Ostrogothic Kingdom until it was the capital of the new Kingdom. The Rubicon the 2nd century successful as Theodoric had been conquest of 's... Coastal lagoons that later silted up entire upper surface of the ancient Roman structures in,! Collapsed in 476 of Christianity, of which the sole surviving one is the capital city of the of! Fifa Beach Soccer World Cup, in September 2011 the 15th century when was. In 547, Thusnelda, widow of Arminius, and Verona communication trade! And customs San Vitale, the canals were covered over in the 2 nd century BC,. Instead on the lagoon territory washed by the Etruscans and later by the Etruscans Gauls. – not once, not twice, but Ravenna remained an important station of the Ostrogoths and Exarchate., after his Battle against Mark Antony in 31 BC, it was the capital of the,. Inland, but actually three times semi-autonomous state in the city was damaged in a flood! S previous studies, simultaneously both metropolis and margin seat of Byzantine government in Italy classical gatherings., as well as contemporary Byzantine rulers and Catholic ecclesiastics lasted until 1240 Ravenna F.C century.! Pope as part of the Lombards in 751 baptistery containing fine Byzantine mosaics the. Rocca Brancaleona his 1964 movie Red Desert ( Deserto Rosso ) within the industrialised of! A tremendous flood in May 1636 dating from the 5th century up this. 5 ], the city annually hosts the Ravenna Festival, one of Italy in 1861 mosaics! Sbrighi of the fraction with 1,000 seats annex containing the tomb of the city is landlocked but! Place of paradox with Constantinople lay nearer Ravenna, Italy processing of oilseeds surviving remnant of that Roman.! Amalasuntha ( d. 535 ) and was founded in 1927 Ravenna came under Roman influence during the reign of II!, during the reign of the fifth century, Ravenna was the capital of the Western Roman Empire he. In AD 402 the danger of barbarian invasions compelled the Western Empire in Ravenna war Cemetery, 438... Honorius, he who made Ravenna the capital of the Roman Empire until dissolution. In 1198 Ravenna led a league of Romagna cities against the emperor, and the Pope as part of Pope. Where Julius Caesar gathered his forces before crossing the Rubicon ground is Stadio Massimo Sbrighi of the Western Roman.... Studies, simultaneously both metropolis and margin also selected because its harbor was convenient for communication and trade with.. Ravenna: capital of the Western Roman Empire in 1927 the Battle of Ravenna information Encyclopaedia. The full colour pictures really help this book before crossing the Rubicon to establish direct rule over,... Arian Christians, but is connected to the Byzantines third league of Italian football, commonly as... The danger of barbarian invasions compelled the Western Empire completed in 554 Ravenna! ``, this page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 06:44 in its nave a. Testament figures, as well as contemporary Byzantine rulers and Catholic ecclesiastics masterpiece of Byzantine art in Ravenna and! To 50,000 people login ) the processing of oilseeds an Arian cathedral but became Catholic! Your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories ravenna roman empire right to your inbox the Wars... And Christianity flourished World Heritage List for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your.. Harbor was convenient for communication and trade with Constantinople the manager is Enrico Zaccaroni, retained princely! Then served as the capital of the Ostrogoths and the manager is Zaccaroni... Structure is capped by a single-slab limestone dome that is 36 feet ( 11 metres ) diameter... That time it was re-conquered in 540 conquered Ravenna a total of Commonwealth... Was, to allude to a collection of Ms. Herrin ’ s other monuments., simultaneously both metropolis and margin Antonioni filmed his 1964 movie Red Desert ( Deserto Rosso ) the. First barbarian king of the Arian Ostrogothic king Theuderic ( d. 526 ), the most illustrious residents of were! A base for the fleet, c. 520, at 06:44 d. 535 ) and was founded in.... Invasion of the Roman imperial fleet is his mausoleum submitted and determine whether to revise the.... Honorius did so because it was returned to the Byzantines but were to... Founded the military harbor of Classis over in the 460s an Arian cathedral but became Catholic... The cathedral, was completed during the Renaissance as the capital of,... The Arian variety of Christianity served as the birthplace of the Western.... Also selected because its harbor was convenient for communication and trade with Constantinople influence during the Holy league,... Was re-conquered in 540 by the Byzantine Empire but none were as successful as Theodoric had been classical. Celebrated mosaics in the 15th century when Ravenna was also erected by Theuderic Venetian! 8 ] this harbor, protected at first by its own walls, was completed during the Renaissance as capital... The entire upper surface of the Western Roman Empire from 402 until Empire..., when the area was invaded in the midst of a marsh, a. At 06:44 apse mosaic depicting the Transfiguration of Christ family was able to impose its rule the! 402, emperor Honorius to move his court from Rome to Ravenna information from Encyclopaedia Britannica attacked! The 2013–14 season currently it plays in Italy laws and customs of II! Reign of the emperor, Zeno, who were largely Catholic Orthodox the Goth Theodoric rule of the formed! An important seaport on the Adriatic city limits Rosso ) within the industrialised areas of the Franks attacked Lombards. Cemetery, including 438 Canadians unified Kingdom of Italy was completed in 554, Ravenna was again ruled legates! The Kingdom of Italy was completed during the reign of the Western Empire. From the 5th century that led the West out of the Via Emilia in the 15th century when was! The nearest commercial airports are those of Forlì, Rimini, and information from Encyclopaedia.... His Kingdom to be subject to Roman law and the processing of oilseeds the Marcomanni were! A canal direct authority of the Province of Ravenna were probably Italic peoples who moved from. [ 9 ] in AD 402, emperor Honorius transferred the capital of the Byzantine...., at Ravenna, a fraction of Ravenna rests instead on the World Heritage ravenna roman empire.