[35], There have been conflicting reports about injuries to members of the mob during the attack, and whether any died. The act was carried out as ordered on June 10th. Alvin Smith (February 11, 1798 – November 19, 1823) was the eldest brother of Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement.Alvin took a leading role in helping the Smith family work toward paying their debts and building their home. Emma Smith invited Emily to live in the Smith home to care for the Smiths’ baby, Don Carlos, who was born 13 June 1840. Hands conducted extensive digging on the Smith homestead and located the bodies, as well as finding the remains of Joseph's wife, Emma, who was buried in the same place. We have no time for comment, every man will make his own. Richards, 1844; D&C 135; Oaks and Hill, 1979; Quinn, 1994. In a letter dated July 10, 1844, one of the jailers wrote that Smith, expecting the Nauvoo Legion, said, "Don't trouble yourself ... they've come to rescue me. Our history is full of examples, both ancient and modern, of Christians who chose not to fight back when death for their faith was immanent. Paul states that no man can see God (the Father). Alvin’s Life and Death. I can, to a point, agree with Mormons who say that Smith was murdered in cold blood, but I’m uncomfortable with going so far as to say he was totally innocent. Citizens ARISE, ONE and ALL!! They were led by William Law, a member of the First Presidency since 1841, Wilson Law, a brigadier general in the Legion, Austin Cowles, a member of the Nauvoo High Council, James Blakeslee, a prominent Seventy, and Robert D. Foster, Chauncey Higbee, and Charles Ivins, prominent businessmen. John Taylor also testified:“Elder Cyrus H. Wheelock came in to … Orrin Porter Rockwell arrived with a message from his wife who urged her husband to return and give himself up because several of his followers were accusing him of cowardice. A number of prominent men withdrew and formed their own reform church. Foster, a co-publisher of the Expositor, reported on June 12 that not only was the printing press destroyed, but that "several hundred minions ... injured the building very materially". In the 1860s, those who felt that Smith should have been succeeded by Joseph Smith III established the RLDS Church, which later changed its name to the Community of Christ. The anti-Mormon[4] "Carthage Greys", a local militia, were assigned to protect the Smiths. Hyrum was shot in the face, just to the left of his nose, which threw him to the floor. But even more surprising is that George Miller's journal exists only through 1843. Moses, Paul himself saw God the Father and the Son side by side, or that might have been Timothy. I think it was Captain Jones who went after it, but they would not suffer him to return. Smith declared martial law in Nauvoo and called on the Nauvoo Legion to protect the city. When I visited the Carthage Jail again in June of 2002, “Sister Thorpe,” after speaking reverently of Joseph Smith, told the crowd that “he sacrificed his blood for us.” Two days earlier, a personal friend of mine visited the jail and was told by his tour guide that Carthage was the Mormon “Calvary.” In 1988, Ted Cannon, then director of the Mormon Visitor Centers at Carthage and Nauvoo, told reporter Doug Schorpp that Carthage “…holds the same significance…as Calvary holds for Christians all over the world” (Journal Star, Peoria, IL, Sunday, June 26, 1988 D3). At the time of his death, Smith was also running for president of the United States,[2] making him the first U.S. presidential candidate to be assassinated. Did Joseph Smith manipulate women into marrying him? He was quoted as saying, "I am going like a lamb to the slaughter; but I am calm as a summer's morning; I have a conscience void of offense towards God, and towards all men. See also The Gospel Kingdom, p.358). Followers of the Latter Day Saint movement, or Mormons, began to move into Hancock County, Illinois, in 1839; at the time, most supported the Democratic Party. After the Mormons' expulsion from the neighboring state of Missouri during the 1838 Mormon War, Joseph Smith went to Washington, D.C., and met with President Martin Van Buren, seeking intervention and compensation for lost property. Later, others came to believe that Smith's son, Joseph Smith III, was the rightful successor under the doctrine of lineal succession. Early years. Oaks and Hill, 89, 127, 132–33, 136, 144, 165–66. Doctrine and Covenants / Pearl of Great Price, Mormon Objections to Christian Evangelism, Teachings of the Presidents of the Church, 175th Anniversary of Joseph Smith’s Death. Bereavement at the death of loved ones repeatedly touched the life of the Prophet Joseph Smith. I have a conscience void of offence towards God, and towards all men. [citation needed], The Smith brothers were held at the Carthage Jail and were joined there by Willard Richards, John Taylor, and John Solomon Fullmer. On June 22, Ford wrote to Smith and the Nauvoo City Council, proposing a trial by a non-Mormon jury in Carthage and guaranteeing Smith's safety. According to Smith, an angel named Moroni directed him to a buried book of golden plates hidden at the Hill Cumorah and as per the instruction of the angel he translated the book and published it as the ‘Book of Mormon’. I afterwards understood that two or three were wounded by these discharges, two of whom, I am informed, died.”. After using all of the shots in his pistol, Smith made his way towards the window. It was a typically hot, early summer day in western Illinois when Joseph and Hyrum Smith rode into Carthage to turn themselves in to local authorities. [33] Mob members fled, shouting, "The Mormons are coming," although there was no such force nearby.[34]. 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