This challenges the previous theory regarding the first inhabitants of North America, where as its commonly accepted amongst anthropologists that the Clovis people were the first to settle the region somewhere around 13,000 years ago. "[92] He was known as the Bard of the Chesapeake Bay. It was widely believed for a long time that "Chesapeake" means something like "Great Shellfish Bay." [citation needed]. [23] The waters of the Chesapeake Bay have been regarded one of the most important nursery areas for sharks along the east coast. All Free. Led by Lord Charles Cornwallis, a fleet of British ships was pushed back towards the rivers of the Chesapeake, in a desperate attempt to avoid surrendering, Cornwallis began burning and sinking his own vessels with the hopes of stalling the incoming French and American ships. Lax government regulations allow anyone with a license to remove oysters from state-owned beds, and although limits are set, they are not strongly enforced. an inlet of the Atlantic, in Maryland and Virginia. [9] Sea level rise also compounds the effects of extreme weather on the bay, making coastal flooding as part of the events more extreme and increasing runoff from upstream in the watershed. [10] In 2005, Algonquian linguist Blair Rudes "helped to dispel one of the area's most widely held beliefs: that 'Chesapeake' means something like 'great shellfish bay'. The Chesapeake Bay (/ˈtʃɛsəpiːk/ CHESS-ə-peek) is an estuary in District of Columbia and the U.S. states of Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia, lying inland from the Atlantic Ocean and surrounded to the west by the North American mainland and to the east by the Delmarva Peninsula. How to use bay in a sentence. The British ship was sunk in what became known as the 'Annapolis Tea Party' and has since become an important site for underwater archaeologists in the Chesapeake Bay. Altogether there are more than 1,800 ship and boat wrecks that scatter the bottom of the Chesapeake Bay and its surrounding waterways. The Bay and the rivers and streams that feed it make up an impressive watershed, which: is the largest estuary in United States and the third largest in the world; supports more than 18 million people who live, work, and play within the watershed (10 million of these live along or near the Bay's shores); Journal of Physical Oceanography. Bay definition is - reddish brown. Chesapeake bay definition, an inlet of the Atlantic, in Maryland and Virginia. Chesapeake Bay: 1 n a large inlet of the North Atlantic between Virginia and Maryland; fed by Susquehanna River Example of: bay , embayment an indentation of a shoreline larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf More than 150 major rivers and streams flow into the Bay's 64,299-square-mile (166,534 km2) drainage basin, which covers parts of six states (New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia) and all of Washington, D.C.[2][3]. Meaning of chesapeake bay. As of 2008 there were fewer than 500. Efforts of federal, state and local governments, working in partnership through the Chesapeake Bay Program, an intergovernmental coalition, along with the Chesapeake Bay Foundation and other nonprofit environmental groups, to restore or at least maintain the current water quality, have had mixed results. Definition of Chesapeake Bay retriever : any of a breed of powerful brown sporting dogs developed in Maryland and having a dense oily water-shedding coat First Known Use of Chesapeake Bay retriever 1891, in the meaning defined above During the later half of the 19th century and first half of the 20th century, the Bay was plied by passenger steamships and packet boat lines connecting the various cities on it, notably the Baltimore Steam Packet Company ("Old Bay Line"). After months of harassment by Barney, the British landed on the west side of the Patuxent at Benedict, Maryland, the Chesapeake Flotilla was scuttled, and the British trekked overland to rout the U.S. Army at Bladensburg and burn the U.S. Capitol in August 1814. Highest average chlorophyll a concentrations tended to occur in tributaries such as the Lower Western Shore (MD), Upper Western Shore, Patapsco, Back, and Patuxent Rivers, as well as in the Lower Bay region of the mainstem. [64] It has been estimated that in pre-colonial times, oysters could filter the entirety of the Bay in about 3.3 days; by 1988 this time had increased to 325 days. What is the meaning of Chesapeake Bay? That's the problem with the Chesapeake. It is rare for the surface of the Bay to freeze in winter, something that happened most recently in the winter of 1976–77.[16]. Chesapeake Bay Retriever, a breed of dog; Chesapeake Corporation, a historical holding company associated with Van Sweringen railroad holdings; Chesapeake Energy, an American publicly held producer of natural gas; Chesapeake Energy Arena, a multi-purpose arena located in downtown … [42] Compounding the problem is that 100,000 new residents move to the area each year. [81], The Chesapeake Bay Flotilla , which was constructed using shallow barges and ships to provide a blockade to the British during the War of 1812. CB = Chesapeake Bay Suchen Sie nach einer allgemeinen Definition von CB? Research into the peculiar behavior of tides both at the northern and southern extents of the Bay began in the late 1970s. [40] In 1573, Pedro Menéndez de Márquez, the governor of Spanish Florida, conducted further exploration of the Chesapeake. The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary to the North Atlantic, lying between the Delmarva Peninsula to the east and the North American mainland to the west. Chesapeake Bay Retriever Rassebeschreibung Der Chesapeake Bay Retriever wurde für die Wasserjagd gezüchtet. Their marching route from Newport, Rhode Island through Connecticut, New York State, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware to the "Head of Elk" by the Susquehanna River along the shores and also partially sailing down the Bay to Virginia. The technique was similar to the Solutrean tools that were crafted in Europe between 22,000 and 17,000 years ago and it was noted that the stone tool must be at least 14,000 years old. An inlet of the Atlantic Ocean separating the Delmarva Peninsula from mainland Maryland and Virginia. Bay Definition, Map No. It is not a fjord, as the Laurentide Ice Sheet never reached as far south as the northernmost point on the bay. In 1988, the Maryland Maritime Archeology Program (MMAP) was established with the goal to manage and explore the various underwater archaeological sites that line the Chesapeake Bay. However, according to Blair Rudes, linguist at the University of North Carolina, the name might actually mean something like "Great Water," or it might have been just a village at the bay's mouth. "[42] The new laying out of the "Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail", the United States' first designated "all-water" National Historic Trail, was created in July 2006, by the National Park Service of the U.S. Department of the Interior following the route of Smith's historic 17th-century voyage. Wir sind stolz darauf, das Akronym CB in der größten Datenbank mit Abkürzungen und Akronymen aufzulisten. (2014). The Chesapeake Bay Watershed. The Bay's geology, its present form, and its very location were created by a bolide impact event at the end of the Eocene (about 35.5 million years ago), forming the Chesapeake Bay impact crater and much later the Susquehanna River valley. The crime rates are lower than in the surrounding cities, and the people tend to be happier. Mehr sehen » Souveränität Unter dem Begriff Souveränität (aus mittellateinisch superanus ‚darüber befindlich‘, ‚überlegen‘) versteht man in der Rechtswissenschaft die Fähigkeit einer natürlichen oder juristischen Person zu ausschließlicher rechtlicher ''Selbstbestimmung''. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? How do you use Chesapeake Bay in a sentence? Various local K-12 schools in the Maryland and Virginia region often have programs that cultivate native bay grasses and plant them in the Bay. CB bedeutet Chesapeake Bay. [32] Other manatees are occasionally seen in the Bay and its tributaries, which contain sea grasses that are part of the manatee's diet. [44] One account: The Chesapeake oyster – sometimes called Chesapeake white gold – has a flavor and texture that begs connoisseurs to come back and shuck just a few more. What is the definition of Chesapeake Bay? [24] Megafaunas such as bull sharks, tiger sharks, scalloped hammerhead sharks, and basking sharks[24] and manta rays are also known to visit. Until the mid-20th century, oyster harvesting rivaled the crab industry among Chesapeake watermen, a dwindling breed whose skipjacks and other workboats were supplanted by recreational craft in the latter part of the century.[44]. Emporia State University. [71] Scientists from the Virginia Institute of Marine Science at the College of William & Mary claim that experimental reefs created in 2004 now house 180 million native oysters, Crassostrea virginica, which is far fewer than the billions that once existed. [50], In contrast to harvesting wild oysters, oyster farming is a growing industry for the Bay to help maintain the estuary's productivity as well as a natural effort for filtering impurities such as excess nutrients from the water in an effort to reduce the effects of man-made pollution. These cliffs, generally known as Calvert Cliffs, are famous for their fossils, especially fossilized shark teeth, which are commonly found washed up on the beaches next to the cliffs. One particular obstacle to cleaning up the Bay is that much of the polluting substances are discharged far upstream in tributaries lying within states far removed from the Bay: New York and Pennsylvania. Some of these include the Atlantic menhaden, striped bass, American eel, eastern oyster, Atlantic horseshoe crab, and the blue crab. REVISED FINAL DRAFT 8/11/2014 SUBJECT TO CHANGE: FOR CBP MB REVIEW Strengthening Verification of Best Management Practices Implemented in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed: A Basinwide Framework … ", An estuary in the U.S. states of Maryland and Virginia. Wang, D-P. and A.J. (3.6% is as salty as the ocean. Serving as a watchdog, we fight for effective, science-based solutions to the pollution degrading the … The main forcing of the CBBT tides are typical, semi-diurnal ocean tides that the East Coast of the United States experiences. [9][74], With increases in flooding events and sea level rise, the 11,600 miles of coastline, which include significant historic buildings and modern infrastructure, will be at risk of erosion. It is highly invasive, and has the potential to flourish in the low-salinity tidal waters of the Chesapeake Bay. While Diego Gutiérrez first depicted the Chesapeake Bay, named Bahia de Santa Maria, on his map in 1562, a variation of its current name, Chesapiooc Sinus, was printed for the first time on a 1590 map by John White. Oysters serve as natural water filters, and their decline has further reduced the water quality of the Bay. There are several magazines and publications that cover topics directly related to the Chesapeake Bay and life and tourism within the Bay region. Information and translations of chesapeake bay in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. What does chesapeake bay mean? [17], Birds include ospreys, great blue herons, bald eagles,[18] and peregrine falcons, the last two of which were threatened by DDT; their numbers plummeted but have risen in recent years. Hypoxia results in part from large algal blooms, which are nourished by the runoff of residential, farm and industrial waste throughout the watershed. Are you learning Spanish? It lies off the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by Maryland and Virginia. Scientists' Cliffs is a beach community in Calvert County named for the desire to create a retreat for scientists when the community was founded in 1935. This map shows average chlorophyll a concentrations in Chesapeake Bay from March to September. At the point where the Susquehanna River flows into the Bay, the average depth is 30 feet (9 m), although this soon diminishes to an average of 10 feet (3 m) southeast of the city of Havre de Grace, Maryland, to about 35 feet (11 m) just north of Annapolis. [53] One report suggested that Annapolis was an appealing spot for families, water sports and boating. It is the largest estuary in the United States and home to 3,600 different plant and animal species. [74], Climate change adaptation and mitigation programs in Maryland and Virginia often include significant programs to address the communities in the Chesapeake Bay. Chesapeake Bay in British English. A report in 2011 suggested that information on underwater grasses would be released, because "submerged grasses provide food and habitat for a number of species, adding oxygen to the water and improving water clarity. The Boston Globe wrote that Wisner "always tried to capture the voice of the water and the sky, of the rocks and the trees, of the fish and the birds, of the gods of nature he believed still watched over it all. The Chesapeake Bay Program is a unique regional partnership that brings together leaders and experts from a vast range of agencies and organizations. Before Langley was hired, only 1% of the underwater archaeological sites in the bay area had been examined. ;, in 1607, the three ships carrying English settlers to Virginia sailed into this bay;, Life was rough for settlers in this area. The Chesapeake Bay watershed has been heavily impacted by natural forces such as erosion, tides, and a history of hurricanes and other storms. [41] Smith wrote in his journal: "Heaven and earth have never agreed better to frame a place for man's habitation. [6][7] Efforts to repopulate the Bay using oyster hatcheries have been carried out by a group called the Oyster Recovery Partnership, with some success. Sie werden Bedeutungen von Chesapeake Bay Education Association in vielen anderen Sprachen wie Arabisch, Dänisch, Niederländisch, Hindi, Japan, Koreanisch, Griechisch, Italienisch, Vietnamesisch … [49] Today, the body of water is less productive than it used to be because of runoff from urban areas (mostly on the Western Shore) and farms (especially on the Eastern Shore and in the Susquehanna River watershed), over-harvesting, and invasion of foreign species. The Chesapeake Bay (/ˈtʃɛsəpiːk/ CHESS-ə-peek) is the largest estuary in the United States. Average depth is 21 feet (6.4 m), reaching a maximum of 174 feet (53 m). The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States. [3] Parts of the Bay, especially the Calvert County, Maryland, coastline, are lined by cliffs composed of deposits from receding waters millions of years ago. Dense stands of Brazilian waterweed can restrict water movement, trap sediment and affect water quality. Large bay on the Atlantic Ocean in the states of Maryland and Virginia. It is 2.8 miles (4.5 km) wide at its narrowest (between Kent County's Plum Point near Newtown in the east and the Harford County western shore near Romney Creek) and 30 miles (48 km) at its widest (just south of the mouth of the Potomac River which divides Maryland from Virginia). Partners in the Chesapeake Bay Program recognize that participation in strong, targeted environmental education programs, especially in the context of one's community and culture, provide a vital foundation for watershed stewardship. [45][46], Tides in the Chesapeake Bay exhibit an interesting and unique behavior due to the nature of the topography (both horizontal and vertical shape), wind driven circulation, and how the Bay interacts with oceanic tides. The Chesapeake Bay Bridge–Tunnel, connecting Virginia's Eastern Shore with its mainland (at the metropolitan areas of Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Portsmouth, and Chesapeake), is approximately 20 miles (32 km) long; it has trestle bridges as well as two stretches of two-mile-long (3.2 km) tunnels that allow unimpeded shipping; the bridge is supported by four 5.25-acre (21,200 m2) man-made islands. Cornwallis was eventually forced to surrender on October 19 and the ships along with its contents were at the bottom of the York River. Program partner uses its own resources to implement Bay restoration and protection activities often have programs that cultivate native grasses... 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